Chronological curriculum, functional curriculum, aptitude curriculum: which one to choose?
It’s the most traditional; it is composed of a chronological list of previous experiences. It mainly includes professional goals, studies and training, and above all work experience. It is effective if recent work and study activities are actually related to the job you are applying for.
DISADVANTAGES: highlights career breaks
USEFUL: if you want to enhance a career progression
if you have a long and diversified work experience
if you have a very specialized training and work path
NOT RECOMMENDED: if you have short work experience.
It highlights the characteristics that the candidate evaluates most consistent with the objective-candidacy. The different work activities are grouped into logical sections, functions, or sectors.
DISADVANTAGES: if you are dealing with selection specialists they will try to rebuild your career with any ‘holes’
USEFUL: for those of a certain age
for those who have to cover some business failure
for those who have moved from one sector of activity to another
NOT RECOMMENDABLE: If you have a short work experience
It highlights the candidate’s interests and potential and is a combination of the previous two types (also called combined or mixed). A good cover letter must be enclosed.
DISADVANTAGES: does not immediately highlight the strengths
USEFUL: for those who are the first job or has a short work experience
NOT RECOMMENDED: for those with ‘holes’, for those with a very diversified career
The curriculum must be accompanied by a letter which is, most of the time, the first contact with the employer. The important thing is to be concrete, maintaining a sober, polite, and concise form, indicating the essential data, the job qualification to which one aspires, and the reasons.
- carefully check spelling and formal correctness;
- pay attention the sender’s address is at the top left;
- the recipient’s name and address are at the top right, but lower than the sender’s name;
- enter as SUBJECT: in reply to the announcement…
- start with “Dear Sirs” but, if the name of the person you want to write is already known, start with “Dear Mr. …” and close with “Yours sincerely”;
- sign by hand;
- keep a copy of the letter
The curriculum is a document that follows the worker in his various stages, therefore it must be periodically updated with new experiences but not modified in its structure. The cover letter to the curriculum is instead a communication tool that must be “built” each time and adapted to the interlocutor with whom you want to enter into a relationship. The letter aims to communicate that the expectations of the worker are addressed to that specific company that he has chosen, among many others, because he believes he can have a positive professional experience. In this way, the recipient will have the perception of a “motivated” person who wishes to enter the structure with availability and commitment. Therefore, if the curriculum can be mimeographed, the cover letter must be personalized but above all adapted to different situations.